Lancastrian King: Henry VI…

Henry was born on the 6th December 1421 at Windsor Castle, to parents Henry V and Catherine of Valois.  He ascended to the English throne, on the 1st September 1422, and was crowned King Henry VI of England on the 6th November 1429 at Westminster Abbey.

John, the Duke of Bedford was appointed Regent of France, and Humphrey the Duke of Gloucester as Regent of England.  As Henry VI, was only ten months old when he succeeded his father, to the English throne.

On the 28th September 1423, England’s nobles swore allegiance, to the infant Henry VI.

On the 29th April 1429, English forces at the Siege of Orleans, came face to face with the French army, being led into battle by a young peasant girl; Joan of Arc.  The start of her campaign to expel the English from France.

On the 6th November 1429, Henry was crowned King Henry VI of England at Westminster Abbey.

On the 23rd May 1430, Joan of Arc was thrown from her horse at Compiegne, and captured by English forces.  She was taken to Bouvreuil Castle at Rouen, and put on trial for witchcraft.

On the 30th May, aged nineteen, was burned at the stake in Rouen’s market place.

On the 16th December 1431, Henry became King of France at a service held at the Notre Dame in Paris.  Then in 1437, he took over power of England.

King Henry VI of England married Margaret of Anjou on the 23rd April 1445 at Titchfield in Hampshire.  She bore him one son, Edward of Westminster, the Prince of Wales on the 13th October 1453.

In 1450, England lost the lands of the Duchy of Aquitaine and Normandy, thus England’s remaining territory in France was Calais.

In 1453 King Henry VI had a mental breakdown, and Richard the Duke of York became his Protector.

In 1454 Edward of Westminster, was invested as the Prince of Wales.

The houses of York and Lancaster, started a feud in 1453, which was destined to last for years.  In 1454, Richard the Duke of York is named Regent and Protector of the realm, and starts making claims towards the throne.

Henry VI recovers from his illness, and it is left to his wife to dismiss Richard, the Duke of York from court.  The Lancastrians and Margaret of Anjou had regained power of England.

The Duke of York raises an army in 1455 and defeats the Kings Lancastrian army at the “Battle of St.Albans” on the 22nd May.

The Civil War in England had started, better known as the “Wars of the Roses.”

The Duke of Somerset, the Lancastrian leader is killed in battle as the Duke of York takes over England’s Government.  Over the next five years; England is riddled with constant clashes between the Yorkists and Lancastrians.

On the 10th July 1460, Yorkist army led by Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick clash with Lancastrian forces.  King Henry VI is captured, Margaret escapes to Scotland and Richard, the Duke of York is England’s Protector once again.

In October 1460, the “Act of Accord” Richard, the Duke of York is named successor to the English throne, thus disinheriting Henry’s son; Prince Edward.

Richard, the Duke of York is killed at the “Battle of Wakefield” by Lancastrian forces, and so it was, his son pressed home his claim for the English throne.

Queen Margaret and her Lancastrian army heads south, defeats the Earl of Warwick at St.Albans, and releases Henry VI.

Edward of York defeats Margaret’s Lancastrian forces on the 29th March 1461 at the “Battle of Towton,” where 28,000 troops lost their lives.

Henry VI and Margaret flee to Scotland, as Edward declares himself King Edward IV.

In 1470 a rebellion led by the Earl of Warwick, and the Duke of Clarence, failed forcing them to take refuge in France and make an alliance with Margaret of Anjou… The French supported an English invasion, led by Margaret, Warwick and Clarence.

King Edward IV fled as news reached him that the Duke of Clarence, had changed sides supporting the Lancastrians.

On the 3rd October 1470, King Henry VI was reinstated as England’s King.

In December 1470, Prince Edward marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick.

In March of 1471, King Edward IV, and his invasion force land in England.

On the 14th April 1471 at the “Battle of Barnet” King Edward IV is triumphant, and King Henry VI is imprisoned in the Tower of London.

On the 4th May 1471, the Lancastrian line is all but destroyed, as Edward, the Prince of Wales is killed in the “Battle of Tewkesbury.”  Queen Margaret and her daughter-in-law Anne Neville are taken prisoner.

On the 22nd May 1471, King Henry VI prisoner at the Tower of London is murdered, stabbed to death… Here ended the Lancastrian line…  His final resting place; St.George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle.

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