Husband of Queen Anne: George of Denmark…

George was born on the 2nd April 1653, in Copenhagen, to parents King Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amelie of Brunswick-Lueneburg.  He was well educated and received military training, before undertaking a tour of Europe, spending time in France and England in 1668-69.

In 1670, his father died, and the Danish throne went to his oldest brother; Christian.

In 1674, King Louis XIV of France, proposed him as an ideal candidate for the position, King of Poland.  George refused on the grounds, he was not prepared to surrender his Lutheran faith, and fortunately Catholic Poland would not accept a Protestant Monarch.

King Charles II of England was on the lookout for a husband, for Princess Anne, the daughter of James, the Duke of York, who would become King James II.

Prince George, a known Protestant, would be an acceptable candidate for the post.

Prince George and Princess Anne were married on the 28th July 1683 in the Chapel Royal at St.James Palace, London.

Anne bore George seventeen children, sadly only one survived infancy, but died before reaching twelve.

King Charles II died on the 6th February 1685, and James the Duke of York became King James II of England.  Prince George, husband to the King’s daughter, received a position in the Privy Council, and was allowed to attend Cabinet meetings, but he had no power.

On the 5th November 1688, William of Orange invaded Britain, which ultimately deposed King James II, and he was forced into exile, in France.

In 1689, Prince and Princess of Orange became King William III and Queen Mary II, were declared joint monarchs of England, with Princess Anne, as heiress presumptive.

In April of 1689, Prince George became the Duke of Cumberland, Earl of Kendal and Baron of Okingham, titles created by England’s new monarchs, and on the 20th April, took his seat in the House of Lords.

George was refused admission to the army and navy by William III.

Queen Mary died of smallpox in 1694, making Anne, heiress apparent.

An “Act of Settlement” was passed by Parliament in 1701, which meant, following William and Mary’s death, the English throne would pass to Princess Anne, and afterwards to protestant cousins; House of Hanover.

In 1702, William III died, and Princess Anne, became Queen Anne of England, the last of the Stuarts.

On the 17th April 1702, Queen Anne appointed Prince George Generalissimo of all military forces and Lord High admiral.

George was content taking second place to his wife and Queen, offering advice, if and when needed.

During Anne’s reign as Queen, her and George spent the winters at Kensington and St.James Palaces, and the summers at Windsor Castle and Hampton Court Palace.

Prince George never became a member of the Church of England, in all the years they were married, he remained till death a Lutheran, and he had his own personal chapel.

In the early part of 1706, George was taken ill; blood in his sputum.  His health deteriorated, as he suffered from bad bouts of asthma.  On the 28th October 1708, Prince George died at Kensington Palace, and was buried at Westminster Abbey.

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