Saxe-Coburg Gotha Queen: Alexandra of Denmark

Alexandra of Denmark was born on the 1st December 1844 at Yellow Palace in Copenhagen, to parents; Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg and Louise of Hessel-Cassel.

Alexandra was one of six children, four would occupy thrones; Frederick became Frederick VIII of Denmark, William would be George I of Greece and Prince Valdemar of Denmark.  She had two sisters; Dagmar, who married the Tsar Alexander III, became Empress of Russia and Thyra, Crown Princess of Hanover.

Albert, the Prince Consort and husband of Queen Victoria, proposed Alexandra of Denmark as a suitable wife for Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales.

Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales proposed to Alexandra of Denmark on the 9th September 1862, and the couple were married on the 10th March 1863 at St.George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle.

Children:

Albert Victor Christian Edward, was born on the 8th January 1864, and later created as the Duke of Clarence and Avondale.

George Frederick Ernest Albert, was born on the 3rd June 1865, and would become King George V.

Princess Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar, was born on the 20th February 1867, and became the Duchess of Fife.

Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary, was born on the 6th July 1868.

Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria, was born on the 26th November 1869, and became the Princess of Wales.

Alexander John Charles Albert, was born on the 6th April 1871, survived barely a day, and was buried in Sandringham churchyard.

Queen Victoria purchased the Sandringham estate in Norfolk, which became the family retreat for Edward and Alexandra.  Edward like many of his predecessors had a string of mistresses, yet Alexandra was faithful to her husband, and accepted his way of life.

Alexandra suffered from hereditary deafness, caused by hereditary otosclerosis.

Their son Albert Victor was engaged to Princess Mary of Teck, but fate intervened, and was a victim of the influenza pandemic of 1889-1892, turning to pneumonia and death, aged just twenty-eight.

Princess Mary married Prince George with Alexandra a doting grandmother to their children.

Queen Victoria died in 1901, and King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra were crowned as King and Queen of England in August of 1901 at Westminster Abbey.

King Edward was prone to severe bouts of bronchitis, and his last attack occurred in March of 1910, whilst in Paris.  He returned to London, and by May his condition was causing anxiety.  The Queen was in Corfu, visiting her brother; George I of Greece.  She immediately returned to London.  As a touching gesture, she summoned her husband’s current mistress, Mrs Keppel, allowing her to say her final farewell, after which the King breathed no more.

Her son became King George V with his wife Queen Mary, and occupied Buckingham Palace.  Alexandra moved into Marlborough House and retained Sandringham for the duration of her life.

Alexandra’s daughter, Victoria never married and became her companion.

With the fall of the Romanov dynasty, her nephew, Tsar Nicholas II (son of her sister Dagmar) his wife Alexandra and their children were executed by revolutionaries at Ekaterinburg.  In 1919, a British ship rescued Dagmar from revolutionary Russia, and brought her to England and safety, to be with her sister Alexandra.

In 1920, Alexandra burst a blood vessel in her eye, causing partial blindness; speech became impaired and suffered from mild senile dementia.

On the 20th November 1925, Alexandra of Denmark suffered a heart attack, which took her life whilst at Sandringham.  She was buried beside her husband at St.George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle.

Saxe-Coburg Gotha King: Edward VII

Albert Edward was born on the 9th November 1841 at Buckingham Palace to parents Queen Victoria and Albert of Saxe-Coburg Gotha.

As Prince of Wales, Edward was brought up under a very rigorous educational regime by his parents, who had unrealistic expectations of his abilities.

In 1863 he married Alexandra of Denmark and they had six children; George V, Princess Victoria, Prince Albert Victor, Prince Alexander John, Maud of Wales and Louise the Princess Royal.

Life for Alexandra meant tolerating his string of mistresses which included; Lily Langtree, Lady Churchill, Sarah Bernhardt and Alice Keppel.

During the reign of his mother; Queen Victoria, he undertook public duties on her behalf, but was excluded by his mother from acting as her deputy until 1898.

Queen Victoria died in 1901, and Edward aged 59 ascended to the post of King Edward VII of England, and was crowned on the 9th August 1902 at Westminster Abbey.

During his mother’s reign, he had become known as a playboy, much to his mother’s disgust.  His interests lay in horse-racing, shooting, drinking and mistresses.  When King his interests included Foreign affairs, military and naval matters.

Most of his brothers and sisters had married leading heads of European countries, thus he was related to most Continental Sovereigns, which gave him the name; “Uncle of Europe.”

Edward was fluent in French and German, and travelled abroad much, meeting heads of state, and assisting in foreign policy matters.

In 1904, he played a major role creating the triple “Entente Cordiale” between Britain, France and Russia.  This agreement ended Anglo-French rivalry, and played a major role in the First World War.

In the years following the Boer War, Edward played an active role, pushing forward military and naval reforms, including the building of the Dreadnought battleships and the Army Medical Service.

During the latter part of his life, he was involved in politics, when the Conservative majority in the Lord’s threw out the Liberal budget of 1909.

On the 6th May 1910, King Edward VII suffered multiple strokes which took his life, and was buried in St.George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.

Saxe-Coburg Gotha Monarchy

King Edward VII did not accede to the English throne until 1901, aged fifty-nine.  As Prince of Wales, he undertook many duties on behalf of his mother; Queen Victoria, making frequent goodwill visits at home and abroad.  His mother refused to involve him in domestic political duties, feeling she could not trust his discretion in such matters.  Excluded from Victoria’s circle of advisers, Edward spent much of his time, enjoying himself at social events; London’s Playboy.  This only confirmed his mother’s opinion of her son, the next King of England.

Throughout his nine year reign, he was a popular and much respected King of England.  His love of foreign travel and public ceremonial pioneered an ambassadorial style of monarchy that was to replace its earlier political role.

Albert Edward was born on the 9th November 1841 at Buckingham Palace to parents Queen Victoria and Albert of Saxe-Coburg Gotha.

During the reign of his mother Queen Victoria, he undertook public duties on her behalf, but was excluded by his mother from acting as her deputy until 1898.

Queen Victoria died in 1901, and Edward aged 59 ascended to the post of King Edward VII of England, and was crowned on the 9th August 1902 at Westminster Abbey.

During his mother’s reign, he had become known as a playboy, much to his mother’s disgust.  His interests lay in horse-racing, shooting, drinking and mistresses.  When King his interests included Foreign affairs, military and naval matters.

In 1904, he played a major role creating the triple “Entente Cordiale” between Britain, France and Russia.  This agreement ended Anglo-French rivalry, and played a major role in the First World War.

In the years following the Boer War, Edward played an active role, pushing forward military and naval reforms, including the building of the Dreadnought battleships and the Army Medical Service.

On the 6th May 1910, King Edward VII suffered multiple strokes which took his life, and was buried in St.George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.

Royal Conspiracy: Jack the Ripper

Prince Albert Victor, grandson of Queen Victoria and son of the future King Edward VII, threatened a great scandal within the British Monarchy.  For he had a separate life outside that of being a royal, having an affair with Annie Crook, a Catholic shop assistant.  She gave birth to a child, and the pair were married in secret.

Walter Sickert his painter friend hired Mary Kelly as nanny to their daughter; she was also a witness at their wedding.

What was believed as being a well-kept secret reached the ears of Queen Victoria, who would not permit a marriage with the lower ranks of society.

Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister at that time, and a Mason was instructed to cover up the affair.  Sir William Gull, physician to the Queen and a high ranking Freemason, declared Annie Crook insane, and Salisbury had her committed to an asylum, where she would remain for the rest of her life.

Marie Kelly, witness to the marriage of Eddy (Albert’s nickname) and Annie, shared the secret with fellow prostitutes.

Salisbury knew Eddy’s secret could not be revealed, and the threat had to be quashed. 

Gull concluded, these prostitutes constituted a threat to the monarchy and the Freemasons.  So it was decided each would have to be eliminated.

In Victorian London, five heinous murders took place, and the victims were all prostitutes, savagely murdered by Jack the Ripper between the 31st August and the 9th November 1888.

The murders were always committed in the early hours, and he never left behind a single piece of evidence.  No witness to the crimes; just dead bodies severely mutilated, organs removed and throats cut.  The precision, at which he removed internal body organs, moved the suspicion to one with medical training.

31st August 1888 Mary Ann Nichols was murdered, her throat had been cut and her abdomen cut open, and left for dead on Buck’s Row.

8th September 1888 Annie Chapman was murdered, her throat had been cut and her abdomen cot open, intestines removed and placed about her, and left at the rear yard of 29 Hanbury Street.

30th September 1888 Elizabeth Stride was murdered, her throat had been cut, and left in Dutfield Yard, Berner Street.

30th September 1888 Catherine Eddowes was murdered, her throat had been cut, face mutilated, abdomen cut open, intestines removed and placed about her… she had been a mistake, which was quickly put right, and left in Mitre Square.

9th November 1888 Mary Kelly was the last to be murdered, her throat had been cut, face and body mutilated, abdomen cut open, intestines removed and placed about her, and left at 13 Miller’s Court.  So the murder spree by Jack the Ripper ceased.  It appears his victims were a selected list of prostitutes, a modern day contract kills.

According to Royal Court Records: Prince Albert Victor was a guest of Viscount Downe at Danby Lodge, Grosmont, Yorkshire, between 29th August and 7th September, when Mary Anne Nichols was murdered.

He was at the Cavalry Barracks in York, between the 7th and 10th September when Annie Chapman was murdered.

He was at Abergeldie in Scotland, between 27th and 30th September, and lunched with Queen Victoria on the 30th, when Catherine Eddowes was murdered.

He was at Sandringham between 2nd and 12th November, when Mary Kelly was murdered.

The recorded evidence, make Prince Albert Victor appear innocent of all charges… his lifestyle and associations question the records. 

Are the records true or false?

Scandal abounded in Cleveland Street in July of 1889, following the discovery of a male brothel.  Police inquiries, revealed a member of the Royal Family was involved, but never named.

In the October Albert Victor was packed off on a seven month tour of India, and upon his return Queen Victoria made her grandson, the Duke of Clarence and Avondale, and the Earl of Athlone.

In 1889, Prince Albert Victor had an affair with Margery Haddon whilst touring India, and she gave birth to a son; Clarence Haddon.  Her claims that Albert Victor was the father, was investigated and dismissed by authorities.

Prince Albert Victor got engaged to Princess Mary of Teck on the 3rd December 1891, and the marriage was set for the 27th February 1892, a marriage that didn’t take place, as the young prince died of influenza in early 1892. 

British Prime Ministers Timeline

1721-1742 Robert Walpole (Whig)

1742-1743 Spencer Compton (Whig)

1743-1754 Henry Pelham (Whig)

1754-1756 Thomas Pelham-Holles (Whig)

1762-1763 John Stuart (Tory)

1763-1765 George Grenville (Whig)

1765-1766 Charles Watson-Wentworth (Whig)

1766-1768 William Pitt the Elder (Whig)

1768-1770 Augustus Henry Fitzroy (Whig)

1770-1782 Frederick North (Tory)

1782-1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth (Whig)

1782-1783 William Petty (Whig)

1783-1783 William Cavendish-Bentinck (Whig)

1783-1801 William Pitt the Younger (Tory and Whig)

1801-1804 Henry Addington (Tory)

1804-1806 William Pitt the Younger (Tory and Whig)

1806-1807 William Wyndham Grenville (Whig)

1807-1809 William Cavendish-Bentinck (Whig)

1809-1812 Spencer Perceval (Tory)

1812-1827 Robert Banks Jenkinson (Conservative)

1827-1827 George Canning (Tory)

1827-1828 Frederick Robinson (Tory)

1828-1830 Arthur Wellesley (Tory)

1830-1834 Charles Grey (Whig)

1834—1834 William Lamb (Whig)

1834-1834 Arthur Wellesley (Tory)

1834-1835 Robert Peel (Conservative)

1835-1841 William Lamb (Whig)

1841-1846 Robert Peel (Conservative)

1846-1852 Lord John Russell (Whig)

1852-1852 Edward Smith Stanley (Tory and Whig)

1852-1855 George Hamilton Gordon (Conservative)

1855-1858 Henry John Temple (Liberal and Whig)

1858-1859 Edward Smith Stanley (Tory and Whig)

1859-1865 Henry John Temple (Liberal and Whig)

1865-1866 John Russell (Whig)

1866-1868 Edward Smith Stanley (Tory and Whig)

1868-1868 Benjamin Disraeli (Conservative)

1868-1874 William Ewart Gladstone (Liberal)

1874-1880 Benjamin Disraeli (Conservative)

1880-1885 William Ewart Gladstone (Tory and Whig)

1885-1886 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil (Conservative)

1886-1886 William Ewart Gladstone (Liberal)

1886-1892 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil (Conservative)

1892-1894 William Ewart Gladstone (Liberal)

1894-1895 Archibald Primrose (Liberal)

1895-1902 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil (Conservative)

1902-1905 Arthur James Balfour (Conservative)

1905-1908 Henry Campbell-Bannerman (Liberal)

1908-1916 Herbert Henry Asquith (Liberal)

1916-1922 David Lloyd George (Liberal)

1922-1923 Andrew Bonar Law (Conservative)

1923-1924 Stanley Baldwin (Conservative)

1924-1924 James Ramsay MacDonald (Labour)

1924-1929 Stanley Baldwin (Conservative)

1929-1935 James Ramsay MacDonald (Labour)

1935-1937 Stanley Baldwin (Conservative)

1937-1940 Neville Chamberlain (Conservative)

1940-1945 Winston Churchill (Conservative)

1945-1951 Clement Attlee (Labour)

1951-1955 Winston Churchill (Conservative)

1955-1957 Anthony Eden (Conservative)

1957-1963 Harold Macmillan (Conservative)

1963-1964 Alec Douglas-Hume (Conservative)

1964-1970 Harold Wilson (Labour)

1970-1974 Edward Heath (Conservative)

1974-1976 Harold Wilson (Labour)

1976-1979 James Callaghan (Labour)

1979-1990 Margaret Thatcher (Conservative)

1990-1997 John Major (Conservative)

1997-2007 Tony Blair (Labour)

2007-2010 Gordon Brown (Labour)

2010-2016 David Cameron (Conservative)

David Cameron resigned as Prime Minister on the 24th June 2016 after the UK Referendum voted to leave Europe

2016-2018 Theresa May (Conservative) On the 13th July 2016 Theresa May was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II to the post of Prime Minister, she being the second appointed female.

2018 – Boris Johnson (Conservative)