Matilda was born in 1102, to parents King Henry I and Matilda Queen Consort, daughter of Malcolm Canmore, the King of Scotland.
Matilda, married the Emperor Henry V of Germany on the 7th January 1114, and was recalled back to England in 1125, when her husband died… for she was Henry’s only remaining legitimate child.
Henry forced his barons to swear an allegiance to his daughter Matilda, as the rightful Queen of England upon his death.
In the June of 1128, Matilda, a somewhat reluctant Matilda marries the fourteen-year-old Geoffrey Plantagenet.
On the 5th March 1133 a son was born to Matilda and Geoffrey Plantagenet at Le Mans, Anjou.
On the 1st December 1135, King Henry I died, aged 67 in Rouen, France and was buried at Reading Abbey. It had been his choice that Matilda his daughter and husband Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou would rule.
English barons did not want to be ruled by a woman and an Angevin, which led to Civil War and strife over succession. Stephen the nephew of Henry I, seized the English throne on the 22nd December, and was crowned on the 26th December at Westminster Abbey.
In the January of 1136, King David I of Scotland invaded English lands in support of Matilda believing she be the rightful heir to the English throne, not Stephen. He went on to capture Carlisle and Newcastle.
Robert, the Earl of Gloucester, rebels against King Stephen in 1138, a supporter of Matilda’s right to the English throne.
In the February of 1141, Stephen laid siege to Lincoln Castle, during which he was captured and held prisoner at Bristol.
In the April, Matilda was elected Queen, and headed to London for her coronation, but was driven out by the citizens of London, prior to her coronation.
Robert, the Earl of Gloucester, was captured under order of Stephen’s wife. The captives were then mutually exchanged, and Stephen resumed his position as England’s King.
By 1142 Matilda’s constant battle with Stephen, had split the country in two.
Robert the Earl of Gloucester died in 1147, Matilda’s most powerful ally in her fight for the English throne … the fight had been taken out of her, and in 1148 she returned to Normandy … never to step foot on English soil again.
Geoffrey of Anjou, husband to Matilda died in 1151, and their son Henry Plantagenet becomes Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy; with it came huge power and resources.
In 1153, Henry Plantagenet, the Count of Anjou, landed his forces on English soil for war against Stephen, to put a wrong…right.
The Civil War between Stephen and Matilda is resolved by an agreement between Stephen and Henry under the “Treaty of Westminster.” Stephen would remain King of England, until his death, and then Henry Plantagenet, the Count of Anjou would become King Henry II of England.
In 1154 King Stephen of England died, and was buried at Faversham in Kent.
In 1167 the rightful heir to the English throne according to the wishes of her father; King Henry I, was that his daughter Matilda should have reigned … sadly that never happened.
On the 10th September 1167, Matilda died at Rouen, and was buried in Rouen Cathedral, France.