Anglo-Saxon King: Alfred the Great

Alfred was born in Wantage, Berkshire in AD849, into an England which was unstable and a violent society, a country consisting of kingdoms, a land threatened by invaders.  He was the youngest son of King Ethelwulf of Wessex, and his wife Osburh, daughter of Oslac, the royal cupbearer of South Hampshire.

In 853 the young Prince Alfred rode a thousand miles, taking his first steps into public affairs and diplomacy at the papal court in Rome.  He would present himself to Pope Leo IV on behalf of his father; King Ethelwulf of Wessex.  He was anointed royally by the Pope.

In 871, King Ethelred, the West Saxon King and elder brother of Alfred dies in battle.  On the 23rd April, Alfred becomes King of Wessex, a land beset with Viking invaders.

Alfred builds an English fleet of ships, to take on these Viking invaders on land and sea.  The English learnt quickly, for in 875 they claim their first sea victory, capturing one of the Viking ships.

In 878, Alfred is pushed west into the Somerset marshes by Danish forces.  From Athelney Fort and surrounding areas he creates a force to come out fighting, beating the Danes.

In 878 the “Treaty of Wedmore” is born, dividing England in two, with Alfred overlord of both halves.  Anglo-Saxons in the south and west, with Danes in the north and east.

As the Danes invade Kent in 885, Alfred drives Danish forces out of London in 886, and recognised by its people, as King of all England.

During the 890’s Alfred compiled the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, which were written in the language of the Anglo-Saxons.  It described England’s political, social and economic events through time, and was continually updated until the 12th century.

Alfred the Great, King of England, died in 899 and was succeeded by Edmund the Elder.

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