The year is 2040BC and Ancient Egypt’s Middle Kingdom witnessed Mentuhotep II restore order to the region and establish a new capital at Thebes. The next four centuries saw pharaohs reign as god-kings as Egypt expanded its land borders southwards, taking in Nubia and Kush.
The 17th century invaders, the Hyksos of Western Asia drove iron chariots and won control of the Nile Delta. Disorder ensued during the Second Intermediate Period.
Ahmose I of Thebes ejected the Hyksos, and the New Kingdom, and went on to consolidate his royal power in the rebuilding of the state bureaucracy, keeping a standing army, and declaring the state religion be; Temple of Amon.
Later Pharaoh’s which also included the like of Tutankhamun and Ramses the Great had to face a land of economic decline, religious unrest, political intrigue and invasion by the Hittites and Sea Peoples. By the year 1070, the New Kingdom of the Egyptian Empire, had indeed crumbled.