Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon was born on the 4th August 1900 to parents; Claude Bowes-Lyon, the Earl of Strathmore and Cecila Cavendish-Bentinck, the Countess of Strathmore, in London.
Elizabeth was educated at home (Glamis Castle in Scotland) by governesses until she was eight, then attended private schools in London.
Glamis Castle became a hospital during World War One for wounded servicemen.
Albert, second son of George V, suffered from a stammer, which added to his nervous disposition. Yet, his love of Elizabeth won her over, and they were married on the 26th April 1923 at Westminster Abbey, and were blessed with two children; Princess Elizabeth born in 1926 and Princess Margaret born in 1930.
In January of 1936, King George V died, and Prince Edward ascended to the throne as King Edward VIII. At the time Edward was in love with Wallis Simpson, an American socialite and divorcee. Parliament informed him, they would not approve the marrying of a divorced woman. In December of 1936, Edward abdicated the throne.
On the 12th May 1937, Albert was crowned King George VI and his wife as Queen Elizabeth, Queen Consort.
World War Two and the numerous raids on London took their toll, yet the Royal Family stayed in Buckingham Palace.
In 1947, Princess Elizabeth married Philip Mountbatten.
In 1948, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth celebrated their silver wedding.
In 1949, the King had surgery to remove a blood clot from his leg.
In 1951, George VI was diagnosed with lung cancer.
On the 6th February 1952, King George VI died, and some 300,000 paid their respects, whilst he lay in state at Westminster Hall.
Following King George VI’s death, she retreated to Scotland for a year, a period of mourning, but it was Winston Churchill who persuaded her to return to public life. She resided at Clarence House, and took the title Queen Mother.
On the 9th February 2002, sadness struck her, as her daughter the Princess Margaret, suffered a stroke and died.
On the 30th March 2002, the Queen Mother died in her sleep, in the Royal Lodge at Windsor Great Park, with her daughter Queen Elizabeth at her side and was buried at Windsor.