Tudor King: Edward VI

Edward was born on the 12th October 1537 at Hampton Court to parents Henry VIII and Jane Seymour.  He ascended to the English throne on the 28th January 1547, following the death of his father, and was crowned King Edward VI of England on the 19th February 1547 at Westminster Abbey.

Edward was too young to rule, so Edward Seymour the Lord Protector of Somerset ruled in his name, and later replaced by John Dudley the Earl of Warwick.

On the 10th September 1547, English army led by the Duke of Somerset, defeated a Scottish army at the “Battle of Pinkie” near Musselburch, to the east of Edinburgh.  It was his intention to force the Scots to abide by the “Treaties of Greenwich” agreeing a marriage between King Edward VI of England and Queen Mary I of Scotland.

A small force of French troops arrived in Scotland to check out the situation, and this was followed up by 6,000 troops, preventing the English, from gaining a foothold in the Scottish borders.

The English effort to force Queen Mary I to marry King Edward VI into marriage, and joining of the two countries failed.  So it was on the 7th August Mary left Scotland bound for France to marry the dauphin.

She married the future French King; Francis II on the 19th April 1558 at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.

In 1549, the first book of Common Prayer was introduced, and Church services changed from Latin to English.

Thousands of protestors from Cornwall and Devon protested against the new book of Common Prayer in the June, as they marched on Exeter under the banner of the “Five Wounds of Christ.”

In 1549, an act was passed “The First Act of Uniformity” making Roman Catholic Mass illegal, and icons and statues related to this form of worship were removed, and walls whitewashed to cover up paintings.

On the 8th July Robert Kett a Norfolk Tanner and landholder, led demonstrations against land enclosures in Wymondham, on Norwich.  Kett was hanged from Norwich Castle, for their attack on Norwich.

John Dudley, the Earl of Warwick creates for himself the Duke of Northumberland, and deposes the Duke of Somerset as Protector of England, and thereby controlled access to the King.

In March of 1550 England and France make peace with each other, through the “Treaty of Boulogne.”  England surrendered Boulogne for 400,000 crowns.  England withdrew its forces from Scotland.

On the 2nd May Joan Bucher (Joan of Kent) was burned at the stake in Smithfield for heresy.

On the 25th May 1551, London and its surrounding area, was hit by earthquake. 

On the 19th July a treaty was signed at Angers; the proposed marriage between King Edward VI and Elizabeth, daughter of Henry II of France … a sign of Anglo-French friendship.

In the August Princess Mary was ordered to obey the law and cease attending Latin mass.

On the 22nd January 1552 the Duke of Somerset was executed on Tower Hill on the charge of high treason.

On the 21st May 1553, Guildford Dudley married the King’s cousin, Lady Jane Grey.  In early June, the King collapsed, it was a sign, and death was at hand.

On the 6th July 1553 King Edward IV died at Greenwich Palace of suspected tuberculosis and was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Who would or should have succeeded him?

According to King Henry VIII, the Catholic Mary Tudor was heir by law. 

According to the wishes of King Edward VI, his successor was Lady Jane Grey.

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