Yorkist King: Edward IV…

Edward IV was born on the 28th April 1442 in Rouen, Normandy to parents, Richard the Duke of York and Cicelly Neville. 

King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou were married on the 23rd April 1445, and on the 30th May crowned at Westminster abbey, as part of a peace treaty between England and France. 

In 1453, Henry VI exhibited signs of mental illness, and Margaret bore him a son; Prince Edward to continue the Lancastrian line of succession.

With the King incapacitated, and the new prince barely out of the womb, a protector should be appointed until the King had recovered.  Margaret had the hunger for power, but the position went to the Duke of York in 1454, who was a descendant of Edward III’s son, Lionel of Antwerp.  The Queen was excluded from all things pertaining to the government and Henry’s kingdom.

Violent clashes took place between the houses of Lancaster and York.  On the 31st December 1460, Margaret’s forces killed the Duke of York.  Henry who had been taken prisoner on the 10th July 1460, was also released that day.

Edward of York, son of the Duke of York, is declared King Edward IV of England by the Earl of Warwick, following the Battle of Towton, but had failed to capture King Henry and his Queen, as they fled to Scotland then France.

On the 4th March 1461, he ascended to the English throne, and was crowned on the 28th June 1461 at Westminster Abbey.

The Earl of Warwick defeats Lancastrians at the Battle of Hexham, in 1464, where Henry VI is captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London.

On the 4th May 1464 King Edward IV marries Elizabeth Woodville, she bears him three children: Elizabeth of York (1466-1503), Prince Edward V (1470-1483) and Prince Richard the Duke of York (1473-1483).

The Earl of Warwick and Edward IV have a falling out, leading to Edward IV being forced into exile, and Henry restored to the English throne on the 30th October 1470.  In 1471 Edward became the victor at the Battle of Tewkesbury, where Henry’s son Edward was killed… eliminating the male side of the house of Lancaster.

On the 21st May 1471 Henry was murdered by order of King Edward IV, and buried at St.George’s Chapel, Windsor in 1484 by order of Richard III.

Margaret had gone from Queen of England to a childless widow, at the strike of a sword.  She remained a prisoner for the next four years, and then returned to France after Louis XI paid a ransom for her.

In 1478 Edward has a falling out with his own brother; George the Duke of Clarence, who is tried for treason, and executed privately at the Tower of London.

On the 9th April 1483 King Edward IV died at Westminster Abbey, of an undiagnosed illness, and was buried at Windsor Castle.

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