Saint Catherine was born into the aristocratic family of King Costus and Queen Sabinella, rulers of Alexandria in AD294. The young Catherine was well versed in the arts, sciences and philosophy. She was raised a pagan and in her teenage years, converted to Christianity by the teachings of a Syrian monk. She received a vision which the Blessed Virgin Mary gave her to Christ, in a mystical marriage.
During the latter years of Christian prosecution by the Romans, she publicly confessed her faith, being a Christian. Catherine attempted to convince the Roman Emperor; Maxentius the error of his ways, by persecuting Christians who refused to worship idols. According to historical accounts, some fifty Philosophers from the Roman world were brought face to face with her, to reason with her. Catherine won debate after debate, and converted her adversaries to Christianity by her persuasive arguments, and they were put to death by the Roman Emperor.
Catherine was imprisoned, and hundreds are said to have visited her including the wife of Maxentius; the Empress. All who converted to Christianity were martyred.
Emperor Maxentius had Catherine tortured, but she would not yield, he proposed marriage, and she refused saying; Jesus Christ be my spouse.
An outraged Maxentius condemned her to death on the spiked breaking wheel, but this instrument of torture was destroyed by her touch, finally he ordered that she be beheaded.
Catherine was executed, and the corpse of Saint Catherine, a 4th century Christian martyr was carried to the peak of Mount Sinai by angels. Some three centuries later, monks brought it down and buried her in the church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary.